Viecha

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Vaschiedne Viecha

De Viecha (dt.: Tiere) san a wichtige Gruppm vo meahzejing, eukaryotischn Organismen. In da biologischn Systematik spuid da Begriff heit koa Roin meah. Taxonomisch wean Viecha haifig ois Gruppm innahoib vo de Eukaryotn ogseng, de wo dena Pflanzna und Schwammal gengiwagstejd wean. De Zejn vo de Viecha hom im Gengsotz za de Schwammal und Pflanzna koa Zejwond, sondan san vo ana Zejmembran umgem. Heit san mid Viecha nua no de vuizejing Viecha (Metazoa) gmoand.

Systematik vo de Viecha[VE | Weakln]

Vuizejige Viecha[VE | Weakln]

De Systematik vo de Viecha wead zazeid intensiv eaforschd. De foingde Doastejung gibd on aktuejn Wissnsstond wieda.[1][2][3][4][5]

In da doagstejdn aktuejn Systematik foid af, doss de Coelenterata wieda bericksichtigd wean. Des gschiachd noch Philippe et al. (2009) und widasprichd zan Beispui Dunn et al. (2008). Driwa naus wean a poar gebraichliche Gruppmbezeichnunga nimma vawendd:

  • Choanoflagellates - Synonym za Choanoflagellata
  • Choanoflagellida - Synonym za Choanoflagellida
  • Choanomonada - Synonym za Choanoflagellata
  • Choanozoa - Paraphylum aus Ichthyosporea, Filasterea und Choanoflagellata
  • Coelomata - Synonym fia Eubilateria
  • Diploblasta - Synonym za Coelenterata
  • Parazoa - Paraphylum aus Porifera und Placozoa
  • Radiata - Synonym za Coelenterata
  • Triploblasta - Synonym za Bilateria
  • Urmetazoa - Synonym za Metazoa

Haifig wead Viecha (Animalia) ois Synonym za Vuizeja (Metazoa) gnuzd. De oa- bis wenigzejing Choanoflagellata wean demz'foig ned ois echte Viecha bedrochd, sondan ois Oat Schwestangruppm za de Viecha/Vuizeja (Animalia/Metazoa).

Oazejge Viecha (Protozoa)[VE | Weakln]

De friaha za de Viecha zejdn oanzejing Viecha (Protozoa). Se stomma aus oana Reih vo vaschiedne Taxa innahoib vo de Eukaryotn. S gehd dobei um oazejge Organismen, de wo an Zejkean owa koane Chloroplastn hom und se somid heterotroph eaneahn doa.

Da Mensch und de ondan Viecha[VE | Weakln]

Natuawissnschoftle gseng is aa da Mensch a Viech. De Vahoitnsbiologie hod beispuisweis zoagd, doss häha entwicklde Viecha kompliziatare Vahoidsnmusta zoang und komplexare Viechasprochn vawendn wia weniga entwicklde. Aa za abstraktn Denkn san a poar Viechaoatn zmindasd in Osätzn fehig. Da Iwagong zan Mensch is oiso fliassnd.[8].

Beleg[VE | Weakln]

  1. Philippe H, Derelle R, Lopez P, Pick K, Borchiellini C, Boury-Esnault N, Vacelet J, Renard E, Houliston E, Quéinnec E, Da Silva C, Wincker P, Le Guyader H, Leys S, Jackson DJ, Schreiber F, Erpenbeck D, Morgenstern B, Wörheide G, Manuel M (28. Aprui 2009). "Phylogenomics Revives Traditional Views on Deep Animal Relationships". Current Biology 19 (8): 706-712. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.02.052. PMID 19345102. 
  2. Dunn CW, Hejnol A, Matus DQ, Pang K, Browne WE, Smith SA, Seaver E, Rouse GW, Obst M, Edgecombe GD, Sørensen MV, Haddock SH, Schmidt-Rhaesa A, Okusu A, Kristensen RM, Wheeler WC, Martindale MQ, Giribet G (10. Aprui 2008). "Broad phylogenomic sampling improves resolution of the animal tree of life". Nature 452 (7188): 745-749. doi:10.1038/nature06614. PMID 18322464. 
  3. Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge MA, Espelund M, Orr R, Ruden T, Jakobsen KS, Cavalier-Smith T (7. Mai 2008). "Multigene Phylogeny of Choanozoa and the Origin of Animals". PLoS ONE 3 (5): e2098. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. PMID 18461162. 
  4. Gaidos E, Dubuc T, Dunford M, McAndrew P, Padilla-Gamino J, Studer B, Weersing K, Stanley S (17. Septemba 2007). "The Precambrian emergence of animal life: a geobiological perspective". Geobiology 5 (4): 351-373. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2007.00125.x. 
  5. Steenkamp ET, Wright J, Baldauf SL. (Jenna 2006). "The Protistan Origins of Animals and Fungi" (PDF). Molecular Biology and Evolution 23 (1): 93-106. doi:10.1093/molbev/msj011. PMID 16151185. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/23/1/93.pdf. 
  6. Baguñà J, Riutort M (2004). "Molecular phylogeny of the Platyhelminthes". Canadian Journal of Zoology 82 (2): 168-193. doi:10.1139/z03-214. 
  7. Hejnol A, Obst M, Stamatakis A, Ott M, Rouse GW, Edgecombe GD, Martinez P, Baguñà J, Bailly X, Jondelius U, Wiens M, Müller WE, Seaver E, Wheeler WC, Martindale MQ, Giribet G, Dunn CW (22. Dezemba 2009). "Assessing the root of bilaterian animals with scalable phylogenomic methods". Proceedings of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences 276 (1677): 4261-4270. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0896. PMID 19759036. 
  8. Taylor AH, Elliffe D, Hunt GR, Gray RD. (21. Aprui 2010). "Complex cognition and behavioural innovation in New Caledonian crows.". Proceedings of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0285. PMID 20410040. 

Im Netz[VE | Weakln]

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