Sidsudan

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A Koatn von n Sidsudan.
A Koatn mid de stritting Gebejtt Abyei und Ilemi.
D Loḡ in n Sidsudan in n Miarz 2020, roud unta Kontroll vo da Reḡiring, grej unta Kontroll vo de Opposizionstruppn u gstroift von n Sudan bsetzt resp. von n Sidsudan gwollt oda gfuardad.

Sidsudan, amtle Republic of South Sudan,[1] is a vo Land umschlossna Stoot in n noadwestlinga Ostafrika.[2][3] Es Land stousst af n Oustn mid Etiopia, af n Noadn min Sudan, af n Westn mid da Zentrolafrikanischa Repablik, af n Sidwestn mid da Demokratischn Repablik von n Kongo, af n Siḏn mid Uganda un af n Sidoustn mid Kenya zamma.

Da Sidsudan houd 2011 d Unohangekait vo da Repablik von n Sudan daglengt un is doudamid da am nejchan u letztingan suweren gwoanane Stoot, en wou ma intanazionol aa dakennt.[4] D Hapstod u gressta Metropoln is Juba. Es umfasst es trum Moos- oda Sumpfgengt von n Sudd, d wou ma aa Bahr al-Dschabal hoisst u duach n Weissn Nil gfuamt wiad.

Da Sudan is vo Egiptn unta da Dynasti von n Muhammad Ali bsetzt gweng un is von n Anglo-Egiptischn Gmoaheaschaft (Kondominat) bis za Unohangekait 1956 reḡiad waon. Nou en Ejaschtn Sudanesischn Birḡakrejḡ is 1972 d Autonoma Reḡion Sidsudan grindt woan u houd bis 1983 dauat. A zwoata sudanesischa Birḡakrejḡ is asbrochn u houd 2005 min Naivasha-Okumma gendigt. Spaada in n gleichn Joua is d sidlinga Autonomi widaheagstellt u d Autonoma Reḡiring von n Sidsudan gfuamt woan. Nou an Referendum in Jenna 2011 hod da Sidsudan en 9. Jule 2011 d Unohangekait daglengt.[5][6] Es Land houd vill intaethnischa resp. zwischnvelklata Brutalitejt dalittn un an Birḡakrejḡ duachgmacht, da wou vo d ganzn Seitn von an exzessivn Nikswissn vo d Menschnrechtt kennzoachnad gweng is, mid mejranan velklatn Bloutopan, Gruppnleichtn u Schurnalistnjoḡatn von Joua 2013 bis zen 22. Fewa 2020, wou d sidsudanesischn Riwalna da Salva Kiir Mayardit u da Riek Machar an Oahaitsdeal gfunna un a Reḡiringskoalezion gfurmt hom,[7] wos en Weḡ fia d Widakeja vo Flichtling nou giamt houd.[8]

Da Sidsudan houd a Bvelkaring vo umma 12 Millionna Leit, am mejran Nilotischa Velkl, un is demografisch oina vo de jingastn Stootn mid umma 50% unta 18 Jouana.[9] D Iwazol vo d Eiwoana fulgt en Kristntum un indigena Releḡiona. Es Land is a Middabei oda Midglid vo da UN,[10][11] da Afrikanischn Union,[12] da Oustafrikanischn Gmoischaft,[13] da Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)[14] u ba de Genfa Konwenzionna.[15] In Joua 2019 is da Sidsudan af n fuafualetztn Plotz in n World Happiness Report,[16] af n fualetztn Plotz in n Global Peace Index un af n fuafualetztn Plotz in n Fragile States Index[17] ghaucht.

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  1. "South Sudan". The World Factbook. CIA. 11 July 2011. Afgrouffn en 14. Jule 2011.
  2. "The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Afgrouffn en 12. Jule 2011.
  3. "UN classification of world regions Eastern Africa: South Sudan". UN. Archiviad en 17. April 2010. Afgrouffn en 25 Settemma 2011.
  4. "The World's Youngest Countries" (in en). https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/which-are-the-youngest-countries-of-the-world.html. 
  5. "Broadcast of Declaration of Independence (part 1)". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-sJugNxYVA8. 
  6. "Broadcast of Declaration of Independence (part 2)". https://www.youtube.com/user/Laseranthem#p/a/u/0/v5m4JUyBW38. 
  7. South Sudan rivals strike power-sharing deal . 
  8. "Trust issues persist in Juba despite new dawn". https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/news/ea/Trust-issues-persist-in-South-Sudan/4552908-5464954-format-xhtml-fexisgz/index.html. 
  9. "'Children's crisis' in South Sudan must be addressed, says top UN official calling for real accountability". 7 September 2018. https://news.un.org/en/story/2018/09/1018671. 
  10. South Sudan admitted to U.N. as 193rd member , 14 July 2011. 
  11. "UN welcomes South Sudan as 193rd Member State". 14 July 2011. https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=39034&Cr=South+Sudan&Cr1=. 
  12. "South Sudan Becomes African Union's 54th Member". 28 July 2011. http://www.voanews.com/english/news/africa/east/South-Sudan-Becomes-African-Unions-54th-Member-126320433.html. 
  13. "South Sudan admitted into EAC", Daily Nation, 2. Miarz 2016, Noudruck nation.co.ke, afgrouffn 4 Miarz 2016
  14. Ethiopia Agrees to Back Somalia Army Operations, IGAD Says , 25 November 2011. 
  15. "Freedom House Congratulates South Sudan for Signing the Geneva Conventions". 20 July 2012. http://www.freedomhouse.org/article/freedom-house-congratulates-south-sudan-signing-geneva-conventions. 
  16. "World Happiness Report 2018". http://worldhappiness.report/ed/2018/. 
  17. "Fragile States Index". https://fragilestatesindex.org/data/.